Basics About Pregnancy Anemia
Many women experience anemia during pregnancy. While it is common, it can also be dangerous to the fetus and mother-to-be. Knowing the symptoms of anemia and how it is treated can help women stay healthy during pregnancy.
What is Anemia?
Anemia comes in over 400 forms, but all result in a lowered number of red blood cells. Red blood cells deliver oxygen to the cells and is vital for health. Red blood cells depend on adequate amounts of many nutrients – too little consumption or absorption of these nutrients can lead to anemia.
There are several types of anemia common during pregnancy. Iron-deficient anemia is the most common; folic acid and B12-deficient anemia are also common. Anemia can cause higher risks of low birth weight, premature birth and even result in death for mother or child.
Symptoms of Anemia
It is important to be aware of anemia symptoms and report them to a doctor or OB/GYN. Some may be mild, but it is important to have blood testing completed if any symptoms of anemia are present, including:
- Irregular or fast heartbeat
- Pale skin and nails
- Shortness of breath
- Cold hands and feet
If any combination of these symptoms is present during pregnancy, it is important to schedule a visit to a OB/GYN. A diagnosis can be made and in most cases, anemia can be treated with added nutrients. Taking an iron, folic acid or B12 supplement may be all that is needed to improve red blood cell numbers.
Monitoring health during pregnancy is vital for mom-to-be and baby. Make sure to schedule checkups with an OB/GYN and report any symptoms of anemia to get the treatment needed.
Posted on behalf of
Marietta OB-GYN Affiliates, P.A.
699 Church Street #220
Marietta, GA 30060