Birth Control 101: Know Your Options

Birth Control

Do you know all the options available for birth control? You may be surprised at how many medications and devices can be used to reduce your chance of pregnancy. There are many more options than just the “pill” or using a condom. Here are a few of the options available through most OB/GYNs.

Oral Contraceptives

The “pill” has been used for many decades, but there are different options available. Most of these medications require taking one pill a day. Each type of oral contraceptive is slightly different, but they average about 91% effective in preventing pregnancy.


Birth control patches emit hormones through the skin, similar to oral contraceptives, but you only need to remember to replace the patch once a week. These are also 91% effective for preventing pregnancy.

Vaginal Ring

Inserted into the cervix, a vaginal ring emits hormones to reduce the chance of pregnancy. Rings must be replaced once a month and offer 91% effectiveness.

The Shot

Another way to prevent pregnancy short-term is with the shot, which you receive every three months to prevent pregnancy. The shot is 95% effective.


Birth control implants offer longer protection against pregnancy – up to four years. They are up to 99% effective as they eliminate the human error factor of pills, patches or shots.


The temporary birth control that can last the longest is an IUD, with some lasting up to 12 years. These are up to 99% effective for preventing pregnancy.

Per Use Options

Sponges, spermicide, condoms, cervical caps and diaphragms all are used before intercourse on a “per use” basis. These range from 71-88% effective.

To find out more about the different birth control options and their pros and cons, schedule an exam and consultation with your OB/GYN.

Posted on behalf of
North Point OB/GYN Associates
1505 Northside Boulevard #3500
Cumming, GA 30041
(770) 886-3555

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