Endometriosis and Infertility

Endometriosis is a physically painful condition, but it can also cause emotional pain in women who suffer from the disorder. In addition to the severe menstrual cramps and frequent pain during intercourse, endometriosis is also one of the most common causes of infertility among American women. For those who want to conceive and are having difficulty doing so as a result of their endometriosis, this condition can be painful on a number of levels.

What is Endometriosis?

The endometrial tissue is a substance which, in normal situations, lines in the inside of the uterus. In women who suffer from endometriosis, this tissue grows outside the uterus, typically on the surfaces of other organs in the abdominal cavity or pelvic region. Endometrial tissue may grow on or under the ovaries, on the bowels, on the bladder, behind the uterus or on the tissues which hold the uterus in place.

As a result of this abnormal tissue growth, women may experience intestinal pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, painful intercourse and chronic pelvic pain. Unfortunately, the underlying cause of endometriosis is not yet fully known. Still, there are treatments which have been shown to be effective for women who suffer from endometriosis and are hoping to conceive.

Treating Endometriosis

One of the most effective treatments for endometriosis is use of oral contraceptive pills, which aren’t effective treatment for women who hope to become pregnant. Surgical treatment may be an effective solution for the removal of scarring and abnormal endometrial tissue growth, which can increase the likelihood of conception. If you suffer from endometriosis and are having trouble getting pregnant, contact an OB/GYN in your area who specializes in endometriosis treatment and related infertility.

Posted on behalf of Sean Lambert M.D., North Pointe OB/GYN Associates

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