Do you have skin that has changed color, becoming darker in areas? You may have hyperpigmentation. Your skin’s pigmentation or color is regulated by the melanin in the skin. When there is an overproduction of melanin, the skin can become darker in certain area, causes blotches or patches of darker skin. Understanding the causes of this skin condition can help prevent and treat this change in your skin’s color and tone.
There are several different types of hyperpigmentation and different causes. Although all involve an over production of melanin, some result in only temporary changes in the skin color while others can be more permanent. Some of the causes of hyperpigmentation include:
- Damage to the skin. Sun exposure, injury, burns and other damage can cause an area of the skin to have more melanin and become darker.
- Hormonal changes. Pregnancy and other hormonal changes can affect melanin. A common condition in pregnant women is malasma or chloasma, which often results in dark patches on the face.
- Medical conditions. Certain medical conditions such as Addison’s disease can trigger hyperpigmentation.
In some cases, hyperpigmentation can go away on its own. Malasma in pregnant women will often disappear after the pregnancy is over. However, others may have a permanent change in their skin color. When it occurs on the face, it can change their appearance and make them feel less attractive. Treatments are available to help even the color of the skin for those embarrassed by this skin condition.
A dermatologist can diagnosis hyperpigmentation and offer treatment solutions. Some of the options available include topical creams and medications using retinol or ascorbic acid. Another option is laser therapy. If you are suffering from hyperpigmentation and want to regain an even skin color, contact your local dermatologist to find out the best treatment for your condition.
Posted on behalf of:
Northwest Georgia Dermatology
840 Church Street
Marietta, GA 30060